Alcohol Effects On Vital Organs

Lanu Pitan

Alcohol can interfere with the immune system making it harder to fight off bugs

Photo by Adam Wilson on Unsplash

The drinking culture is killing more and more every year. According to worldwide statistics, more than three million death is due to harmful use of alcohol, and in the UK, more than seven thousand women died in 2018 from alcohol-specific causes. (2019 result is not yet out). This shows the gravity of how much people abuse alcohol.

Alcohol Anonymous and Alcohol Focus are the leading campaigners against alcohol abuse. They accused the drink industry of targeting people with their adverts and offers, making drinking irresistible.

‘’They are trying to represent alcohol as empowering’’ says Alison Douglas of Alcohol Focus.

Health Effect of Alcohol

Brain — Alcohol relaxes you by giving you the ‘’feel-good effect’’ thereby impair your judgement, reaction, decision-making ability and co-ordination. The long term effect is the risk of dementia, negatively affecting the memory and the ability to learn.

Alcohol can be extremely flattering, giving high and low mood expression which can lead to mental health, especially for those with little or no emotional stability and others that lack confidence.

Bones — Alcohol interferes with the body capability to absorb calcium. We all know that calcium is important in our bone formation, and low calcium level in the bone can lead to brittle bone disease and the risk of osteoporosis.

Photo by Jack Ward on Unsplash

Blood — Alcohol is rapidly absorbed into the body and therefore has the tendency to raise the blood pressure. Consistent high blood pressure can lead to stroke. Heavy use of alcohol can lead to dehydration, which thickens the blood vessel, with the attendant risk of blood cloth and subsequent stroke.

Alcohol can cause blood vessels to contract, usually by expanding it, showing thin veins in both face and the nose.

Reproductive Organs — People who abuse alcohol usually have a low sex drive and make it difficult for men to have an erection. Alcohol abuse in both men and women can result in low fertility, as well as causing damage to an unborn baby.

Mouth & Throat— Alcohol abuse can cause loss of appetite, smell and or taste. The effect of alcohol can slur the speech at the time of drinking.

Alcohol abuse will irritate and damage the oesophagus, which can lead to mouth and throat cancer.

Stomach & Colon — Alcohol impairs digestion, thereby preventing the absorption of vital nutrients that the body needs to thrive. This is by pushing all the stomach contents quickly into the large intestine (the colon), where it loses tremendous water, as alcohol is diuretic, making you wee more than the liquid consumed. This can lead to constipation and or in the long run to colorectal cancer.

Alcoholics, therefore, suffer from dietary essentials, making them prone to diet-related illness.

Liver — the common liver disease is jaundice. Alcohol abuse can damage the liver which increases the risk of liver cirrhosis, jaundice and hepatitis.

Pancreas — The Pancreas’s main function is blood sugar regulation and digestion. Alcohol abuse can result in inflammation of the Pancreas called PANCREATITIS. This will severely affect sugar regulation in the body that can result in diabetics.

Kidney— is an important filtration organ in the bodyAlcohol is diuretic, so makes one wees more than the fluid intake, causing dehydration. This means important cells dry out and are less functional causing catastrophe chain of reactions.

Heart — Alcohol increases the heart rate, making one susceptible to blood pressure and weight gain. If this is going on for a long term can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Alcohol Abuse Help & Support

The National Health Service provides help and support to those suffering from alcohol misuse. The help and support range from intervention, counselling to detox and withdrawal.


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